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Top 10 Most Common Reasons for Emergency Room Visits in the US


Emergency rooms (ERs) play a critical role in providing immediate medical attention to individuals with acute conditions or injuries. While the reasons for visiting the ER can vary, certain conditions are more prevalent than others. In this blog post, we will explore the ten most common reasons for emergency room visits in the United States.

1. Injuries and Accidents:

Injuries and accidents account for a significant portion of ER visits. These include falls, motor vehicle accidents, burns, sports injuries, and other types of trauma. Such incidents often require immediate medical attention to prevent further complications or mitigate severe pain.

Injuries and accidents in the ER

2. Abdominal Pain:

Abdominal pain is a common symptom that can be caused by various conditions, including gastrointestinal issues (e.g., appendicitis, gastroenteritis, gallbladder disease), kidney stones, or urinary tract infections. Since abdominal pain can be a sign of a serious condition, individuals often seek emergency care.

Abdominal pain

3. Chest Pain:

Chest pain is a worrisome symptom that can indicate a range of conditions, including heart attacks, angina, pulmonary embolism, or gastrointestinal issues. Due to the potential severity of these conditions, individuals experiencing chest pain are advised to seek immediate medical attention.

Chest pain

4. Respiratory Disorders:

Respiratory issues such as asthma attacks, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, pneumonia, and other breathing difficulties contribute significantly to ER visits. These conditions can rapidly worsen and require prompt treatment to ensure adequate oxygenation.


5. Headaches and Migraines:

Severe headaches and migraines can cause debilitating pain, often necessitating urgent medical care. While most headaches are not life-threatening, they can negatively impact daily functioning and quality of life.

Headache and migraines

6. Back Pain:

Back pain is a prevalent complaint that can result from musculoskeletal injuries, spinal conditions, or other underlying issues. When severe or accompanied by neurological symptoms, individuals may seek emergency care to obtain immediate relief and rule out serious causes.

Back pain

7. Mental Health Crises:

Mental health emergencies, including suicidal thoughts, severe depression, anxiety attacks, or acute psychotic episodes, require immediate evaluation and intervention. The ER serves as a crucial resource for individuals facing these crises, providing stabilization and appropriate referrals.

Psychiatric conditions

8. Allergic Reactions:

Severe allergic reactions, known as anaphylaxis, can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. ERs are equipped to administer emergency medications, such as epinephrine, and provide monitoring and follow-up care for patients experiencing allergic reactions.

Allergic reaction

9. Gastrointestinal Disorders:

Gastrointestinal disorders, such as gastritis, gastroenteritis, diverticulitis, and bowel obstructions, can cause severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and other distressing symptoms. Given the potential complications associated with these conditions, individuals often seek urgent care.

Gastrointestinal disorders

10. Urinary Tract Infections:

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common, especially among women, and can cause significant discomfort and complications if left untreated. The ER serves as a vital resource for individuals with severe symptoms, providing prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Urinary tract infections


While the reasons for emergency room visits can vary, injuries, abdominal pain, chest pain, respiratory disorders, headaches, mental health crises, allergic reactions, gastrointestinal disorders, back pain, and urinary tract infections are among the most common causes. Understanding these common reasons can help individuals recognize when they should seek emergency medical care. If you or someone you know believes they are experiencing a medical emergency, call 911. For non-emergent issues call your doctor or us at Bay Mobile Urgent Care for in-home medical services.


– National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) – Emergency Department Summary, 2018

– National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) – Epidemiology of abdominal pain in the United States: Race, gender, age, and symptom presentation

– American Heart Association – Chest Pain Centers

– Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – FastStats – Emergency Department Visits

– National Headache Foundation – Emergency Department Care for Patients with Migraine or Headache

– NCBI – Utilization of emergency departments for nontraumatic dental conditions: A national perspective

– Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) – Emergency Department Visits for Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

– American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology – Anaphylaxis in America: The Prevalence and Characteristics of Anaphylaxis in the United States

– American College of Gastroenterology – The Burden of Gastrointestinal Diseases in the United States

– Mayo Clinic – Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

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